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Basic Refraction for Ophthalmologists is a Course

Basic Refraction for Ophthalmologists



Full course description


The Basic Refraction for Ophthalmologists Manual is a quality education resource that takes ophthalmologists and residents through refraction education in a clear, simple, and logical process. Specifically adapted for ophthalmology, this resource is in alignment with most of the Basic Level Goals: Year 1 in Optics of the International Council of Ophthalmology Residency Curriculum.

The Basic Refraction for Ophthalmologists Manual, comprised of 33 subject units, includes diagrams, pictures, flow charts and case studies to illustrate key concepts. The manual, developed to support the development of training programs based on local needs, assumes no previous knowledge in the area.


This resource is delivered through 33 illustrated PDF chapters, available for viewing online or download. 

Summary and 'Test Yourself' questions are included in each chapter.

Brien Holden Vision Institute Academy

The Brien Holden Vision Institute Academy is a center of excellence for global eye health and vision care education.

With a commitment to human resource development and quality life‐long learning, the Academy promotes the implementation of sustainable programs by creating and providing the educational support (courses, resources and advice) essential to human resource capacity building, especially in the developing context.

Underpinning the Academy is the belief that education is the most effective way to build the capacity necessary to influence the change essential for reducing the social and economic effect of avoidable vision impairment.

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